Internet access at work goes through a proxy and firewall. The proxy allows connections out on port 80 (HTTP) and 443 (HTTPS) only. I needed to install Git for Windows (msysgit – 1.7.9) on my Windows 7 PC and two Windows 2008 servers.
I followed these instructions and installed Git, set up my SSH keys, passphrase and added my public key to GitHub. I then tried to SSH to GitHub using:
ssh -T firstname.lastname@example.org and because port 22 is blocked it failed to connect, returning the error message:
ssh: connect to host github.com port 22: Bad file number
To make Git work on Windows, through port 443 and a HTTP proxy server – with proxy authentication (Intergrated) – the following worked for me:
- Create a new file named config inside your ~/.ssh/ folder.
This is usually located here: C:\Users\USERNAME\.ssh\
- Paste the following code into your config file.
ProxyCommand connect.exe -H proxy_user@proxy_server:proxy_port %h %p Host github.com User git Hostname ssh.github.com PreferredAuthentications publickey IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa Port 44
Update the ProxyCommand values:
proxy_user: your proxy username
proxy_server: your proxy server
proxy_port: your proxy port
%h and %p will be replaced on invoking proxy command with the target hostname and port specified to the SSH command.
Creating this config file allowed me to successfully connect to GitHub at work.
I do have to authenticate with my proxy password every time I connect though. If you know a secure way to store the proxy password please comment.
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